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The new financial year is upon us, so lets ring in 2013/14 in style with a round-up of all the tax rates and thresholds that a freelancer needs to know about.
Depending on your financial setup (sole trader / limited company / umbrella company) different taxes will apply – ask in the comments if you’re unsure and we’ll do our best to help you out (we know tax can be a headache)!
This is the amount a UK worker can earn in one year before they begin to incur Income Tax. Note: If you are over 65, different rates apply.
|In 2013/14 the Personal Allowance is:||In 2014/15 the Personal Allowance will be:|
|Taxable earnings||Income Tax rate|
|£0 – £32,010||20% (Basic Rate)|
|£32,011 – £150,000||40% (Higher Rate)|
|£150,001+||45% (Additional Rate)|
Taxable earnings are your earnings after the Personal Allowance
|Profits||National Insurance Rates (Employee’s NI)|
|£0 – £5,725||None – but you must apply for a Class 2 exemption|
|£5,725 – £7,755||Class 2 – £2.70 per week|
|£7,755 – £41,450||Class 2 – £2.70 per week|
Class 4 – 9% of profits in this bracket
|£41,450+||Class 2 – £2.70 per week|
Class 4 – 2% of profits in this bracket
The vast majority of limited company freelancers will be paying the Small Profits Rate of Corporation Tax (which applies to businesses with with profits less than £300,000).
Currently (and for the forseeable future) the Small Profits Rate is:
If your turnover goes above the VAT Registration threshold in the last twelve months (on a rolling basis – not by tax year) you must register for VAT. This applies to all freelancers, no matter what your setup.
For 2013/14 the VAT Registration threshold is:
Over the last few months of 2017 and the whole of January, client managers are busy reminding people of upcoming deadlines and things they’ll need to do to make it easy for them to keep on top of their Self Assessments.