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Self Assessment: What happens if I miss the deadline?

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    UPDATE: HMRC are waiving the late filing and late payment penalties for Self Assessment taxpayers for one month. Read on for more information!

    How does it normally work?

    The annual deadline for submitting your online Self Assessment and paying any tax owed is midnight on 31st January each year. While most self-employed people these days choose to file their Self Assessments online, it’s still possible to do so the old way – via paper forms.

    Be warned though, if you submit a paper tax return, the deadline is earlier and HMRC must receive this by 31st October each year.

    If you don’t file your return and pay any tax due on time, you’ll face penalties – and there are potential extra penalties.

    So don’t delay submitting before the deadline and pay any tax you owe with whatever information you have available – even if you need to subsequently amend your tax return.

    Impact of coronavirus pandemic on filing deadlines

    The arrival of the coronavirus pandemic in 2020, and its continuing impact on the UK economy, led to unprecedented levels of support for UK businesses from the government. HMRC has taken action as part of the wider package of government measures to suspend late filing for tax penalties for Self Assessment tax returns for the 2020/21 tax year, as shown below.

    Suspension of late filing tax penalties for the 2020/21 tax year until 28th February 2022

    HMRC is waiving late filing and late payment penalties for Self-Assessment taxpayers for one month. This means you can file your Self-Assessment tax return for the 2020/21 tax year and pay any tax due by 28th February 2022 and you won’t receive a penalty.  

    HMRC does encourage taxpayers to meet the deadline to file and pay any tax due by 31st January 2022 if they can.

    The penalty waivers mean that:

    • anyone who cannot file their return by the 31st January deadline will not receive a late filing penalty if they file online by 28th February 2022
    • anyone who cannot pay their Self Assessment tax bill by 31st January 2022 deadline will not receive a late payment penalty if they pay their tax in full, or set up a Time to Pay arrangement, by 1st April 2022.

    Interest will be payable from 1st February, as usual, so it is still better to pay on time if you can.

    If you cannot afford to pay your latest bill then you can set up a ‘Time to Pay’ payment plan with HMRC to spread the cost of your latest Self -Assessment bill if all the following apply:

    • you owe £30,000 or less
    • you do not have any other payment plans or debts with HMRC
    • your tax returns are up to date
    • it’s less than 60 days after the payment deadline.

    You can choose how much to pay straight away and how much you want to pay each month, including any interest due.

    If you’d rather download a guide on Self Assessment to read later, check out the jargon-free PDF Self Assessment guide below.

    Our free guide to Self Assessment

    How much is the fine if I miss the Self Assessment filing deadline?

    Anyone who is required to file a return but misses the deadline receives an automatic £100 penalty from HMRC – if you have an online account, this penalty will be added to it.

    The penalty is imposed regardless of whether you owe tax or not. If you fail to file within three months – that is, by the end of April – HMRC can then impose an additional £10 daily penalty for the next 90 days, increasing the total penalty by £900 to £1,000.

    Further penalties are imposed after six and then 12 months – and these could be based on the amount of tax you owe if a particularly large sum is outstanding.

    On top of these penalties, you’ll be charged interest on any unpaid tax.

    Can I still submit a Paper Self Assessment?

    Yes, you can. If you'd prefer not to submit an online Self Assessment, or you can't, you can still file a paper return, although the HMRC deadline for paper submissions is three months earlier, on the 31st October each year. However, if you miss that, and submit only a paper return after the 31st October deadline, the same penalty regime applies. If you miss the paper deadline, you should submit online to avoid penalties.

    Additional fines for late payment

    This may sound obvious, but don’t forget that you must also have paid the tax you owe by the 31st January (we’ll be discussing automatic “Time to pay” agreements in just a couple of minutes). If you didn’t pay in time then you’ll face these additional penalties:

    30 days late 5% of the tax due
    6 months late 5% of the tax due at that date
    12 months 5% of the tax due at that date

    Don't get caught out by Payment on Account!

    HMRC runs a system called “payment on account” for those who pay most of their tax through Self Assessment. This can catch many people out, especially if it is their first Self Assessment – as it means that the tax due is often 50% higher than expected. Read more in our article about payment on account.

    The government’s ‘Time to Pay’ scheme for Self Assessment tax bills for tax year ended 5th April 2020

    As highlighted in our introduction, HMRC has taken action to support businesses as the economy recovers from the coronavirus pandemic. If you need additional time to pay your Self Assessment tax bill, you can use HMRC’s ‘Time to Pay’ service through GOV.UK to set up a direct debit and pay any tax that is owed in monthly instalments as agreed with HMRC.

    If you wish to set up your own self-serve ‘Time to Pay’, you must meet the following requirements for the 2020/21 tax year:

    • no outstanding tax returns
    • no other tax debts
    • no other HMRC payments set up
    • your Self Assessment tax bill is between £32 and £30,000
    • it is no more than 60 days since the tax was due for payment.

    If you do not meet these requirements, or need longer to pay in full, you may still be able to set up a ‘Time to Pay’ arrangement by calling the HMRC Self Assessment payment helpline on 0300 200 3822 or going online to the “If you cannot pay your tax bill on time” page on the gov.uk website.

    If you set up a ‘Time to Pay’ arrangement, you will have to pay interest on the tax paid late. Interest will be applied to any outstanding balance from 1st February 2022 for tax bills due for the 2020/21 tax year.

    Can I escape a Self Assessment fine?

    HMRC says it will waive the late-filing penalty for people who have a “reasonable excuse”, although this will be done at officials’ discretion.

    You may be able to avoid a penalty if a close relative died shortly before the Self Assessment deadline, if you have been seriously ill, or even if you have experienced serious IT problems. Penalties may also be waived or suspended if you’re unable to file your returns due to issues with HMRC’s online services.

    On the other hand, HMRC says it will not waive penalties for those who find the Self Assessment system too difficult to use or who did not receive an official reminder, for example.

    If you do wish to appeal against a penalty, you’ll need to fill out what’s called a SA370 form, or you can appeal online.

    Avoiding future problems

    Registering for Self Assessment is probably the most awkward part of the process. Once you’re registered, filing returns in future should be far more straightforward, providing you keep a note of your username and password for the service.

    You must keep your records for at least five years after the 31st January submission deadline of the relevant tax year. HMRC may check your records to make sure you’re paying the right amount of tax.

    If you filed your 2020/21 tax return online by 31st January 2022, you must keep your records until at least the end of January 2027.

    You can file your return at any time after the tax year ends on 5th April each year.

    And remember, filing your Self Assessment return early means the size of your next tax bill won’t come as a shock.

    Let Crunch take the pain out of Self Assessments

    At Crunch, we’re experts at looking after life’s numbers, so you can trust us to make your Self Assessment as worry-free as it can be. Our expert chartered certified accountants will take care of you, just like we did for over 7,500 clients in the last tax year.

    Self Assessment guide - Crunch